Lawrence Lessig’s Code 2.o was hard to get through while reading since I am slow at reading. Despite my difficulty of getting through the reading, Irving did an excellent presentation on the Code 2.0 which made my comprehension of the paper way more solid, Thanks!
I thought thought the whole idea of worms and the government searching through my computer without knowing was a creepy idea. However, I see how people see it as a total violation of the 4th Amendment, but I think if we take a judicial activist interpretation it might not because of why a person had a good reason to do a specified worm on a suspects computer I think it might be ok.
The other topic we talked about that I thought was really interesting was when creativity inspires illegal action, who gets blamed — the person who committed the action or the person who supposedly “inspired” it?
To me this is very prevalent on cyberspace and or entertainment industry struggles with this issue with creative thought and it’s intent and the outcome of how society reacts. Someone in class gave the example of Marilyn Manson and how his music some people argue and blamed to have convinced kids to commit horrifying crimes such as the two teens of the Columbine school shootings.
I hope everyone had a great parents weekend or regular weekend!
And check this ukulele player he is sick!
Being the note taker on Monday was hard because I wanted to hear what everyone had to say but I also had to write it down. I am not good at multi-tasking so it was pretty hard for me. But what I did get out of our discussion was that as hard as MUDers try to make VL not like the RL it is impossible to succeed because RL politics will become issues in VL, like virtual rape.
Another point I liked that we made in the discussion was that the LambdaMoo community became a community when that act of violence occurred. The Mr. Bungle issue resulted in virtual worlds to realize that in order to have a thriving community they couldn’t have this everyone rule themselves. As a result, cyberspaces adopted top down rule, or basic governance and rules are required for a successful online community.
Thanks everyone who helped me out with taking notes on Monday it really helped!
I decided to blog about a certain point Turkle made on page 17. “Not only are MUDs places where the self is multiple and constructed by language, they are places where people and machines are in a new relation to each other, indeed can be mistaken for each other.”
The first part of this quote was my part of my general understanding of MUDs, yet I didn’t know that a major part of MUD communication between players occurred in chat rooms. Since our discussion I now understand that although monitors might try to age limit the chat room to over aged participants it’s really hard to do this no matter how hard they try.
The second part of this quote she says peoples relationship with their computers’ in which on the computer one can become a different persona and dive into different realms. Also the line at the end of the quote, “…indeed can be mistaken for each other.” I think she is saying that since people create an entirely new person on the computer, the computer; therefore, can become a person.
I am not totally satisfied with my interpretation of what Turkle meant by this last line, but I was wondering if you would help me interpret?
I thought it was interesting that the people who lived in communes started online communities as well. One can see this from their original design goals in 1985 the presence of a commune ideology. For example here are a few of the design goals, that the service should be free or relatively cheap, it should be open ended, self governing, self designing experiment and a community.
The WELL (Whole Earth ‘Lectronic Link) introduced a whole new community of users of computer conferencing. It was not only for military, scientific or government communications anymore. The WELL was a cultural experiment and it would either succeed or fail based on the experiment.
The WELL founders decided to give free accounts to journalists so they could host a conversation and write about WELL in their articles. As a result WELL grew in terms of more members of the Bay Area computer professionals. These hosts began to facilitate and run conversations so the founders of WELL had less to do.
From this article I got that WELL was the “computer conference system and exchange of private electronic mail (email)” and I learned that the personal computers were the continuation of the counterculture the WELL system had began.
I put my Bush blog post on our google group because I was confused by the instructions on the Syllabus. I am not really good at reading instructions. Does any one else have trouble with this?
Ok here is my ideas on “As We May Think” by Vannevar Bush.
In this article, Vannevar Bush first talks about how science has improved lives of people today and also science has created the quickest communication between people. He talks about the scientific form of records and the importance of specialization as we move into the future. However, he says specialization has created so many records that the publishing worthy records get lost in the not so correct scientific records making it hard for scientific works to get out to the people and to other scientist to build upon. Bush uses the example of Mendel’s concept of the laws of genetics which was not discovered for a generation because his work could not get to the people who could extend it and understand it. I thought this idea of records and starting with scientists was interesting and allowed me to position myself to be in the 1940’s era of discovering new technologies and new science.
Bush then begins to talk about the new machines that will change how we record data and information. He states that early machines that were complex were unreliable and these two things went hand in hand. Also a lot of machines were not produced because of their price tag was too high. However, the machines with interchangeable parts worked such as the typewriter or the movie camera were reliable and not too expensive to make.
Bush continues to talk about the new forms of recording that are being used like the dry photography, microphotography and Voder. He says that the basic idea of reducing the size of the record and then looking at it by projection instead of directly, has too much potential to be ignored. I like how he considers the idea of compression when he talks about the Encyclopedia Britannica being reduced to the size of a matchbox.
Bush talks about the two most used machines of the time used for arithmetical computations which is a keyboard based machine and the punch card machine both in early stages of development. Then he goes on to talk about what he think future machines will look like which I think is every interesting he says the will have enormous appetites and ready for a wide variety of operations. I also thought that it was interesting that Bush said that machines will be able to compute any data because the manipulation of the data is repetitive and therefore the machine can compute it.
The next big topic he talks about is simple selection this process works where the machine looks at a large set of items and then picks out those which have a certain specific characteristics.
Rapid selection and distant projection are two processes used when in the 1940’s people used credit cards in the department stores. He also talks about the human brain and says it operates by association not selection and says someday machines might replicate the human brain. I am in a Cognitive Science class this semester and talking about a machine replicating the brain made me think of how cognitive scientists are using machines to do this very thing to try and replicate human association.
Bush introduces his idea of the Memex which is he says a mechanized private file and library. He says one can put in articles or whole books and connect two things together by using codes in the manual. He also says one can make comments by just typing on the keyboard. How he describes the layout of the machine the Memex seems like the first basic idea of a computer. Bushes main goal was to find a machine which could take records and not only store them but also categorize them and let the user to be able to make connections between one record and the other.
Nelson’s envision of hypertext was not successful because it was not linear. The world wide web continued with the traditional linear way of organizing information which people were more comfortable with. So today as we know it hypertext/hyperlinks is not what Nelson had in mind. Now he copyrights all his words now such as Translitature because he doesn’t want his ideas to turn into something he didn’t want.
The idea of having entries, lists, links and sequences is nice if you are creating an outline, a giant brainstorm or research but to have it in every day articles and links to every word is just too much. What I understand is that Nelson’s idea was not linking every word or idea together for the general reader or everyone on the internet. His idea of hypertext/hyperlinking was a tool for the individual user of his or her own machine to connect ideas and write comments for themselves. Now we have articles were there are excessive links and a place where people can comment; from my understanding this is not what Nelson was picturing.
This idea of non-linear organization is hard to adopt because technology still has not broke away from the linearity of writing and the idea of a page/paper format. There are some ways on the internet where a few of Nelson’s ideas from ELF are incorporated such as the Facebook wall to wall feature and the program Scrivener which helps the user to write longer text by helping them with process of brainstorming and research.
Nelson’s other main idea was that it is man’s job to draw the connections not the machines and now computers can make connections automatically which is easier for man so we sometimes chose to let the machine do the work for us or we don’t know how so we let the computers do the work.
In our discussion today, I really reevaluated how my computer showed me information and how I organized information that is important to me. Although Nelson’s non-linear vision was not adopted, his continuation of Bush’s idea of organizing, connecting and commenting on what the user thought was important still exists today, but the form is still linear.
Blogging is something I don’t do very much at all. Yet my dad to me is a blogging guru, he has been blogging for a about at least 3 years about his life experiences and what he has learned from them and now he’s making these stories into a book.
However this blog is going to be used for our awesome Digital Media Studies class! I use the internet daily: Facebook (which is based right were I am from in Palo Alto, CA), Google, Wikipedia, Youtube and my new favorite Vimeo.
I love watching movies, documentaries, homemade videos, and music videos.
This first video is also from YouTube and it’s one of my favorite stop motions on YouTube.
The second video is a trailer for Fight Club probably one of my many favorite movies. I love Helena Bonham Carter’s character Marla Singer.
And the third video is an interesting documentary called Grizzly Man. Enjoy!
Feel free to comment. KT