are we not men? (D-E-V-O)

I have a rather basic confusion re: the definition of homo sacer that I've been trying to sort out this morning, but since I have to leave for work in five minutes, I might as well put it to the public:

In entering/participating in a modern political order, are we all homo sacer or do we just have the potential to become homo sacer? That is, are we, as citizens, all sacred in that we can be killed (but not sacrificed) and our lives valued or devalued, or is the category of citizen (e.g., the German "Volk") separate from the category of homo sacer, the non-citizen, refugee, camp-inhabiter, etc. - but these citizens have the potential to become homo sacer and noncitizens (and therefore killed)...? Perhaps homo sacer is a conflation of the two definitions, but if some one could clear this up or point out a key page # that clears this up, it'd be much appreciated.

The way I read the text, i am inclined to say that Agamben is speaking of homo sacer in the latter of the two options you offered. Given the ways in which, especially toward his specific list of examples in 'Threshold', he makes sense of homo sacer through out-of-bounds existences, bodies that have been marked 'Other' in some capacity and thus have entered into treatment as nonsacred, noncitizen. It wouldn't make his overall arguments any less poignant to be discussing something that may not explicitly link to each of us directly, but in which, as participating citizens caught up in the collapse of zoe and bios, we are implicated.

i might be completely misreading this...but thats my 2 cents.

But it seems that the homo sapien is not always just a citizen. Agamben introduces the concept of the homo sapien into several different contexts and its difficult to locate a concrete definition besides the "can be killed but not sacrificed." The homo sapien can be the werewolf, the banned, the sovereign or even the king. In "Sovereign Body and Sacred Body," Agamben raises the belief that the "king never dies." Through the king's bizarre funeral ceremony, his political body becomes the homo sapien. This complicates the idea that the homo sacer as a body marked 'Other.'